February, 2019 | Buzz Beekeeping Supplies

Archive for February 2019

How to Raise Honey Bees

If even the simple thought of honey makes your mouth water, then you should consider learning how to raise honeybees so you wouldn’t run out of stocks. It’s easy, really. Basically, all you need to do is to find a perfect location and most importantly, keep them well-fed.

Knowing these facts, doesn’t it make you interested to learn more about beekeeping? If it does, then here’s the basics of how to raise honeybees:

1. Choose the Perfect Site.

The location for where you’ll be situating your honeybees in is extremely important. Honeybees need the following:

  • Shade when it’s hot out but they would also need sun. So it’s important that you give them a balance of the two.
  • Easy access to freshwater.
  • Protection from wind to avoid snow or rain from blowing into their hive.
  • Privacy and a place that’s away from heavy traffic.

2. Set up the HiveHow to Raise Honey Bees

The most important thing to remember is to keep their hive away from the ground so that they wouldn’t get wet and away from other animals.

3. Place the Bees in the Hive

The queen is usually separated from the rest of the honey bees and placed in what they call “Queen Muff”. The queen is left there for a few days while the workers are busy with the hive. Once the hive is ready, make sure to place the queen in the hive to prevent it from flying away with the rest of the bees.

4. Feed the Honeybees

Honeybees are usually fed with nectar. They would need the energy they get from it to establish their colonies as well as cover the cracks in their hives to protect their queen.  Nectar is easy to make. All you have to do is to mix equal parts of sugar and water. Fill up the quart jars with it and the honeybees will then just drink what they need from it.

5. Check the Hive

If you’re still a beginner in raising bees, then you’d need to do a simple observation at least once a week to learn. Make sure to keep the hive clean and free of ants. Check the hive for larvae on warm days. You should consult an expert if you don’t see any larvae in your hive.

How_to_Raise_Honey_Bees6. Keep the Hive from Pests

The most common pest that affects honeybee hives are the Varroa Mites. Without immediate intervention, it could eat and destroy your bee hive in no time. It’s important to detect any problems before the events turn out for the worst. In raising honeybees, early intervention is key.

7. Expand Your Hive

Once you get the hang of raising bees, there’s no stopping you from expanding the colony. If you started with one body-brood box and the bees has already filled it in, top it with a second brood box.

Honeybees are extremely easy to maintain. All you need is patience and the passion to propagate them. With enough care, your bees will produce a good quality honey that you and other people can benefit from.

How to Raise Honey Bees

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Colony Collapse Disorder and Its Impact on the Economy

           Colony Collapse Disorder – One of the most common problems that bee keepers face is the colony collapse disorder that kills their Colony_Collapse_Disorderbees as well as the hives that those bees have established.  This phenomenon causes the worker bees to die at an alarming rate thereby leaving their queen and immature bees behind. It’s important for bee keepers and those planning to raise bees to be aware of this problem so that they will be able to educate themselves with what to do should this happen to them.

Facts About Colony Collapse Disorder

Everyday, billions of bees are go out of their hive to gather food (mostly, nectar) and pollinate. However, recently, the bees that left to hunt for food are mysteriously not coming back. Let’s look at the facts that might shed light to this phenomenon.

– The problem was first discovered in the year 2006 and 2007 where the bee keepers reported an alarming decline on their bees and colonies. Most of the owners find dead bees near the hives and the queen left alone with the young which eventually led to the death of all bee workers in a hive and the collapse of the colony (hence, Colony Collapse Disorder).

– The cause for this phenomenon hasn’t been discovered as of yet however, scientists and experts have think that it’s partly because of the fact that the pesticides alone could have weakened the bees immune system or worse, killed them. This led them to believe that the Colony Collapse Disorder could have been caused by acute pesticide poisoning.

Colony_Collapse_Disorder– Another theory of scientists is the increase in the Varroa Mite population, the newly emerged Acute Paralysis, and the gut parasite common in bees called Nosema.

– Keepers experience the most loss in their honeybee population during the winter. However, on 2015, they were able to experience more loss on summer than on winter. If the loss continues to rise, there’s no stopping them from going extinct by the year 2035.

The Effect on the Economy

The honeybees are known to be the best pollinator species. For most of their life, they buzz around from flower to flower collecting pollen and nectar. This, in turn, leads to the propagation of fruits, flowers, and other agricultural products that are sold in the market.

The 40% decline in the honeybee species in 2006 resulted the economy immensely. The loss led to the 15-30 billion dollar decline in the agricultural productivity. The normal American diet consist of 15-30 percent of crops and the decline of the honeybee colonies due to the colony collapse was causing a great danger to the agricultural world as well as the American economy. The decline in the crops led to an increase in demand. Producers as well as keepers were forced to top off the original price of their products to address the problem.

Moreover, colony collapses doesn’t just affect the crops. It also affects the supply of dairy and beef since honeybees also help in the pollination of hays, clover, and forage products. This also led to the increase in the prices of milk and beef products in the market.

Colony Collapse Disorder and Its Impact on the Economy

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The Main Stock of Honey Bees in the US – Carniolan Bees and Others

How many types of honey bees are there?

The Italian Honey Bee (Apis mellifera ligustica)carniolan-bees

The Italian Honey Bees is the one group of bees which is the most used of honey bee stock. As the name has indicated, this type of bee originated from Italy brought to the United Sates from way back in 1859. They are known for their prolific brood cycles and production, gentle nature and reluctance to swarm. The Italian Honey Bees are excellent producers that is why most commercial beekeepers use these bees as their main source of production. These bees are very light in color that their yellowness is very pleasing to the eyes making it easy to identify compared to other bees. Italian Honey Bees are great for almost any beekeeper due to their well-rounded nature and availability in packages and nucs.

The Russian Bee (from Primorsky Krai region of Russia)

The Russian bees were introduced to the US way back in 1997. The USDA brought these types of bees to help with the increase of colony collapse disorder happening because of some parasites. These Russian Bees are said to have the natural capacity of colony tolerance against varroa destructors and tracheal mites, which are both external parasitic mites that attack honey bees.

These bees are heavily reliant on the environment which makes them tend to rear brood only during timed of nectar and pollen flows. The Russian Bees are more difficult for “newbie” beekeepers to have.

The Carniolan Bee (Apis mellifera carnica)

carniolan-bees

There are two popular bee stocks in the United States and one is the famous Carniolan Bees. These bees originate from Europe wherein they were bred to be more tolerant towards the cold climate, especially over winter.

This type of honey bee is ideal for beekeepers who are aiming to build up before summer time because of their explosive spring build-up. Other reasons why some beekeepers prefer the Carniolan bees is that they have the longest tongues which helps pollinate crops like clover. In result, they gather more nutritional resources for the benefit of their colony compared to other bee stock. Slovenia beekeepers have made Carniolan bees to be their favorite!

The Caucasian Bee (Apis mellifera caucasica)

The Caucasian Bees were very popular, but because of how slow their honey production is, some honey producers in the United States are no longer interested as much in having them around. But not everything about the Caucasian bee is bad! In fact, they have even longer tongues compared to the Carniolan bees. Although, these two bees do share the same temperament.

Even though this stock is slower, they still are capable of working efficiently especially on how these bees don’t proceed to a new comb without first filling the previous one.

The Buckfast Bee (The mutt of honey bee stock)carniolan bees

The Buckfast Bee stock originates from Buckfast Abby, UK, hence the name. This type is a common favorite among beekeepers in the British Isles. Buckfast bees shows high resistance towards some natural parasites. They have stronger foraging skills and they do not swarm often, making it difficult to look for within the United States.

If a beekeeper can monitor & handle the increasingly aggressive behavior of this type, the Buckfast Bee can last for longer years without the need of frequent replacement.

The European Dark Bee (Apis mellifera mellifera)

The European Dark Bee (also known as the German Dark Bee) originated from the Northern Eurasia in the colonial era. This type is  difficult to maintain. This subspecies has since then been segmented further into sub races of German Bees due to its the ability to endure difficult conditions making it easy for them to survive long & cold winters compared to other types.The European Dark Bee have a very defensive nature and are susceptible to brood diseases such as the American & European Foulbrood making it less favored towards most beekeepers.

This strain is most probably not available in the United States because this is not actually a good choice especially for beginners who are not familiar with natural diseases and parasites.

The Africanized Bee (The Misunderstood Bee)caniolan bees

The Africanized Bees (most commonly known as the Killer Bee) is not from Africa but are actually from Brazil. This type of honey bee was a an experiment hybrid from a lab wherein the goal was to increase their resistance towards parasites and pests and also to have it increase in population. The Africanized bees show great promise because they produce more honey at a faster pace than others. They forage since these bees were at a young age.

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Wax Moths

Wax Moths: How to Keep Them Out Of Your Beehives

Wax moths can cause a lot of damage but it does not have to pose a challenge if you know how to deal with them, and either control or prevent an attack.

What types of wax moths attack beehives?

Wax moths exist in two species; the Greater wax moth, whose botanical name is Galleria mellonella, and the Lesser wax moth, also known as Achroia grisella.

Though they are active hives’ pests, there are opportunistic and therefore take advantage of poorly maintained hives that are either diseased or those with declining colonies.

An infestation is an indication of an underlying problem with the colony. They prefer eating unprocessed beeswax; larval honeybees’ remains, pollen, honey bee, and cocoon silk.

Characteristics and life cycle of wax moths

The greater wax moth measures 1.5 inches long, while the lesser wax moth 0.5 inches in length. The greater wax moth is mottled grey, but the Lesser wax moth is whitish silver.

Both species prefer to mate at night and lay eggs. The eggs hatch into larvae, which feed on hive debris and wax, and as they feed on discarded cocoons, they leave a sticky white web challenging to pull apart.

The larvae become cocoons after approximately 19 days, if in warm weather after which the pupae become adult moths after 14 days.

Can you tell if your hive has a wax moth infestation?

The most defining feature of a wax moth infested hive is the sticky web that is almost impossible to tear down.

The moths leave behind this web until they consume all the wax. Moreover, you can see some larvae crawling around the comb’s surface and faces, which are small black cylinders, on the surface of the bottom board.

To what extent do Wax moths damage a hive?

Wax moths attack hives with weak colonies and cause large-scale damage. They hinder the colony’s ability to store food and raise their brood by destroying the honeycomb. Within a couple of weeks, a hive can be completely devastated and lost.

In a healthy colony, they barely do any harm because bees patrol the hives regularly and remove wax that has wax moth larvae in it thus protecting the hive.

If you notice wax moths, you should know the underlying problem starting with any hindrances to an increase in bee population.

Keeping wax moths away from stored honeycombs

Honeycomb is a valuable resource because honeybees can refill a drawn comb and eliminate the need to build from scratch, which implies that you as the beekeeper and the colony enjoy a larger honey harvest.

It would, therefore, be a shame to improperly store the honeycombs after all the time bees have put in their construction and the money you have invested in your hives.

You can use these two methods to protect your honeycombs from wax moths:

Freezing frames- wax moth larvae will not survive in freezing temperatures; therefore, you should put your frames in a plastic bag. Place the bag in a freezer for two days after which you store them in an airtight storage container.

Ventilation and Light – wax moths love tiny dark places with minimal air circulation. You should, therefore, store your frames in a well-lit area with plenty of ventilation to create an environment unsuitable for the wax moths.

If you have an infestation, placing the frames in direct sunlight will force the larvae to exit the honeycomb.

If you prefer storing your frames in supers, ensure they you place them in an area with sufficient light and lots of space between supers to allow for maximum air circulation when not in use.

Make your wax moth trap

Prevention is always better than cure, they say. You should, therefore, make it your goal to keep moths away from your hive and avoid dealing with an infestation later, by trapping them before they can get to your hive.

What you need:

  • 2-litre plastic bottle
  • 1 cup of hot water
  • 1 cup sugar
  • ½ cup vinegar
  • One banana peel
  • Drill

Method

Using the drill, make a 1-inch hole on the bottle’s neck, below the slope. Pour the hot water into the bottle; add the sugar and the vinegar.

Mix thoroughly and then add the banana peel to the bottle.

Cap it and wait for several days for it to ferment. Once it does, tie it to a tree close to the hives so that it draws the wax moths away from the gives.

They will enter the bottle through the hole and drown in the liquid thus preventing damage.

Conclusion

Wax moths can cause massive losses for you and your bees, but with the proper storage of honeycombs and maintenance of hives, you can prevent an infestation.

With the above tips to trap moths and store combs, your hives will be safe, and your colonies will remain large enough for you to enjoy a bumper harvest.

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How to Store Raw Honey

How to Store Raw Honey  – There are three different ways to store honey depending on the circumstances, before it’s opened, and after ithow to store raw honey is opened.

What is Raw Honey?

Raw honey is 100% pure honey that has not been chemicalized nor has it been commercially treated by adding preservatives or any kinds of procedure. Raw honey is the honey taken right out from the hive of honey bees. Raw honey is very popular because contains various benefits for the health and even for the skin.

Unlike other store-bought honey which have been processed to last for longer periods, raw honey is stored in a different way since it has no preservatives.

How to Store Raw Honey Before it is Opened

– When you purchase raw honey or harvest your own raw honey, it should be stored in an airtight jar or other airtight container. An airtight container is essential because it’s important to have a really tight and secured lid to naturally preserve the honey.

how to store honey

– Raw honey must also be stored in a cool environment and away from direct sunlight and away from other factors that produce heat such as appliances. You can place it in your kitchen cabinet, or any environment which has a consistent temperature from 70-80 degrees.

How to Store Raw Honey After it has been Opened

Here are tips to maintain the freshness of your raw honey and store it back after you open its container:

(1) Continue to use the airtight container or use a different one if you wish to transfer your honey in a different container.

(2) Before closing the lid, wipe off the excess honey with a clean damp cloth to ensure that it will be sealed again tightly.

(3) If ever your container breaks or has cracks that causes the honey to leak, immediately transfer it to another airtight container to avoid any contamination that will cause the raw honey to spoil. Follow the same procedures in storing the raw honey.

How to Store Raw Honey

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6 Facts About Honey Bees You Probably Didn’t Know

Facts about Honey Bees – There are countless of kinds of insects in the whole world, but there is none that is so helpful and beneficial to humans other than Honey Bees. For many years, Beekeepers have been raising and are continually taking care of honey bees to harvest the sweet honey they produce that we all love to consume.

Here are a number of facts about honey bees that you may not even know about yet.

Fact 1: Honey Bees are capable of flying up to fifteen miles an hour but is still slow compared to the usual speed of other flying insects.

facts about honey bees

Honey bees are not made for long trips since they usually just fly from one flower to the next.

Fact 2: A honey bee colony can be easily filled with at least 20,000 up to 60,000 bees since they have different types of work to be done.

facts_about_honey_bees

The bees are assigned with different tasks such as (1) taking care of younger bees, (2) working directly for the queen bee, (3) some are guard bees, and while there are also (4) construction workers wherein they build beeswax to store eggs and honey. The (5) undertakers carry the dead, and the (6) foragers bring pollen and nectar to feed their community.

Fact 3: A Queen Honey Bee can Store a Lifetime Supply of Sperm to fertilize all the eggs in her 3-5 years lifespan.

facts about honey bees

The queen honey bee flies around the hive to mate, and once successful, she ceases to mate again. If the queen honey bee fails to mate within 20 days, unfortunately, she will lose her ability to mate ever. Male honey bees die immediately after mating with the Queen Honey Bee.

Fact 4: A Queen Honey Bee Can Lay and average of 1,500 eggs and it’s possible that they can lay more than 2,000 eggs a day.

facts about honey bees

The reason why there are bees who attend to the needs (feeding & grooming) of the queen bee is because the queen has nothing else to do rather than lay eggs to continue raising the population of honey bees. In a queen honey bee’s lifetime, she might lay up to 1 million eggs.

Fact 5: A Honey Bee Hive can create an “Emergency Queen Honey Bee” whenever they lose their original queen.

facts_about_honey_bees

If a hive has lost their queen bee but was able to lay eggs before she did, the worker bees can change one of the larvae as the “emergency queen bee.” The workers will feed the larvae with royal jelly exclusively. The larvae that become queens are fed only royal jelly. Other bees become female workers because they’re fed fermented pollen (bee bread) and honey.

Fact 6: Honey Bees keeps their hive clean.

facts about honey bees

Bees work hard to keep their hive clean. The queen bee is the only one that can poop inside the hive. The rest of the bees will go outside. The dead bees will also be kept outside to keep it away from their food and their young bees.

Facts about Honey Bees!

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Homemade: Easy & Effective Honey Face Mask Recipes

Honey Face Mask  – The best face mask for acne is not found in any expensive skin care stores or department stores, but it may actually honey face maskjust be in your kitchen right now! This is the all-wondrous raw honey! The raw honey mask is the single ingredient that is inexpensive, but very effective in improving your skin. Honey face masks are everybody’s favorite!

Honey is a very well-known ingredient that it’s considered by most as nature’s miracle. There different ways you can incorporate honey in your face masks. Here are 4 easy and effective honey face mask recipes that will definitely nourishes your skin.

Take note, you don’t need other expensive ingredients to make this work, just honey and other natural foods ingredients that may even be in your kitchen right now. it’s all made of food that you can just even eat your own face mask! The recipe depends on what you want to achieve and based on your skin type.

Here are the four easy, practical, budget-friendly honey mask recipes that your skin would really enjoy:

Check the recipes out below:

 

EASY HONEY FACE MASK FOR ACNE

Mix together 3 tsps. of honey and ½ tsp. of cinnamon powder and apply directly on your face. Leave it for at least 10 minutes to 30 minutes for the antibacterial effects to really kick-in.  Then rinse it off.

 

Use this recipe once a week.

 

Several clinical trials have found that honey is really an effective antibacterial agent making it just perfect for all the bacteria that forming up on your face. Raw honey has also been discovered to absorb the excess oil on your face which is another helpful property to prevent acne showing up on your face. Cinnamon adds to that effect since it also has antibacterial properties.

 

-EASY HONEY FACE MASK FOR DRY SKIN

Mix together 1 tsp. mashed avocado, 1 tsp. plain yogurt, 1 tsp raw honey and once its smooth enough, apply directly to your face. Leave it for at least 20 minutes to 30 minutes. Then rinse it off.

 

This can be used daily.

 

Avocado contains healthy fats which helps moisturize the skin. Yogurt also smoothens the face, as well as refines pores, and helps with the production of collagen. This honey face mask recipe is filled with vitamins such as B, E, A, D, Ca, Zinc, Cu, Mg, & Mn.

 

honey-face-mask-EASY HONEY FACE MASK FOR SENSITIVE SKIN

Mix together 2 tsps. raw honey, 1 tsp. aloe vera gel and apply directly to your face. Leave it for at least 10 minutes to 20 minutes. Then rinse it off.

 

This recipe is safe for daily use.

 

You may already know the benefits of aloe vera, but let’s just recap! Aloe vera is very known to smoothen the hair, to sooth sunburns, perfectly moisturizes the skin, especially helps irritated skin and other skin problems such as rashes and some minor burns. Together with honey, they make a powerful natural face mask. Both ingredients are perfect to help sensitive skin.

 

-EASY HONEY MASK FOR SCARS AND DARK SPOTS

Mix together 2 tsps. raw honey, 1/2 tsp. lemon juice and apply directly to your face. Leave it for at least 20 minutes to 30 minutes to really let the effects of lemon to exfoliate your face and honey to moisturize. Then rinse it off.

 

This recipe can be used 1-2 times a week.

 

With the help of lemon juice exfoliating effects, it helps brightens dark spots and fades scars on your face. Your skin will definitely feel soft right after you rinse it, but the brightening effects will need more applications before its effects to really show.

 

These homemade Honey Face Mask Recipes are easy and effective!

 

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Major Benefits of Honey on Skin and Face

Benefits of Honey on Skin  – Honey is very popular. Honey is not only a natural substitute for sugar but is also widely known for having

Benefits of Honey on Skin 

many wonderful benefits for your skin. It is always a good idea to have some honey on your skin especially when its mixed with other natural ingredients to make a very effective beauty treatment right at home.

How does Honey benefit the skin?

Honey can be applied on the face or any part of the skin. Benefits of Honey on Skin:

Honey is a Natural Moisturizer:

It deeply moisturizes because honey can easily seep into the skin due to its enzymes. This then conditions and softens the skin naturally.

Honey can be used to Clean Pores:

Honey moisturizes and helps tighten pores on the face. Honey has antioxidant properties, as well as antiseptic and antibacterial which helps clear the face by removing the dirt on the face to clean the pores.

Benefits of Honey on Skin 

Honey can be used as an Exfoliator:

Some people have a hard time finding the right exfoliator for the face that wouldn’t irritate their skin. Honey is a natural alternative to that. It is a gentle exfoliator to help brighten skin complexion and removing dead skin cells.

Honey can help Lighten Scars:

Honey can help lessen the appearance of scars with regular use. Because of honey’s antiseptic properties, honey minimized inflammation making the healing process of the skin faster. The antioxidant properties also help repair damaged skin.

Honey helps fight Acne and Pimples:

The anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties found in honey is the one responsible for removing excess oil on the face, clearing out clogged pores to prevent acne and pimples from emerging.

Honey greatly improves your face and skin:

Honey contains properties which help reduce the appearance of wrinkles on your face, honey hydrates your skin, and it brightens up your complexion for a more natural glow.

Benefits of Honey on Skin  – Just search for the perfect honey mix that suits you for your skin’s needs!

 

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